It was called at different times and is called today by different specialists in different ways: RET (rational-emotional therapy), REKP (rational-emotional-behavioral counseling), RETT (rational-emotional-behavioral therapy).
The main goal of the EGTT is the training of rational sociality. REBT is not a treatment. it is not psychotherapy, but behavior change: training and training. Teaching a scientifically (rationally) meaningful experience of coping with life’s problems, with your feelings and deeds, and training your thinking and rational behavior skills.
The REBT also contains preventive training and, perhaps, therefore, can really be called, instead of a fixed medical term, psychotherapy, behavior change, or training. The lighthouse treatment is important in this case.
The traditional name “psychotherapist” in this case is more appropriate to replace with “trainer-consultant in the field of life (social) skills.” Or: a social trainer, a social consultant.
Theoretical representations of REBT
The REBT believes that virtually all people’s problems are the result of irrational beliefs (mystical thinking, belief in uncritically mastered “should”, “necessary” and “should”) and therefore can be directly and directly eliminated by strict adherence to empirical reality
The basic postulate: people first interpret situations in accordance with their entrenched beliefs, and then act on the basis of these interpretations.
- If beliefs do not change, there is no improvement. If beliefs change, the symptoms also change. Beliefs function as small operational blocks.
- Three basic principles of working with beliefs:
- People experience problems not because of events, but as a result of their perception through the prism of beliefs.
It does not matter when you have acquired this or that belief; you still adhere to it if you are experiencing the corresponding problems. This is the priority principle of the present time (it should not be confused with the Gestalt principle “here-and-now”).
There is no other way to deal with this, how to work and practice the rest of the damned life! This is the principle of concrete and regular work. In one of his speeches A. Ellis said that the most important thing in REKK is simply “work, work, and work”.
- The ABC model (sometimes “ABC”, in the expanded version – “ABCDE”) is the core of the theory of the REEBT. Other names are “the model of therapeutic changes” and “ABC-theory of personality”. Describes not only the process of occurrence of erroneous emotions and behavior, but how to eliminate their causes.
- “A” (activators, English activating events) are any current events or their own thoughts, feelings, behavior in connection with these events, and, perhaps, memories or thoughts about past experiences.
- “B” (English beliefs) – beliefs.
- “C” – consequences (English consequences).
In “A” each person brings something of his own, namely his beliefs, goals, physiological predisposition, attitudes, views – “B” (English beliefs). And already “B” leads precisely to that, and not to another “C” – consequence (English consequences).